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How to prevent winter illnesses in children? Here are some tips to consider

Children are more likely to get sick now that winter temperatures are cold. How to detect them? How to prevent them? Here some recommendations.

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Winter 2022 officially started on June 21 in Peru, Argentina, Chile and other neighboring countries. Temperatures reach below 10 and in other places below zero degrees. The days advance and the weather will decrease, where children become the most likely to get sick. How to detect them? How to prevent them? Here are some tips to prevent thesewinter diseases.

Low temperatures cause many children to have respiratory infections (colds, flu) and allergies, the same ones that must receive appropriate treatment so as not to trigger further contagion among family members or schoolmates when being in closed spaces, which favors the dispersion of certain Virus and bacteria.

What are winter diseases in children

1. Gripe

This disease is characterized by the presence of high fever, general malaise, body aches and headaches, chills, cough and lack of appetite lasting approximately one week, although very variable depending on the case.

2. Cold

It is a very frequent mild pathology during childhood, in which its symptoms cause them some discomfort, but it does not usually have major complications in their health. It usually causes a runny nose, decreased appetite, sore throat, sneezing and coughing. The fever is variable and usually lasts no more than 2-3 days.

3. Bronchiolitis

This is another of the frequent pathologies in winter. It is a “viral disease that causes an inflammation of the respiratory tract, especially the finest bronchi of the lungs, known as bronchioles, which causes cough and shortness of breath” , as explained by theValencian Society of Pediatrics. It usually begins as a common cold that leads in 1-2 days to intense coughing and variable respiratory problems, which, in some cases, are accompanied by wheezing in the chest.

4. Pharyngitis

It is an infectious disease that usually presents as fever, sore throat and swollen cervical glands.

5. Pneumonia

This pathology in children is caused by an infection in the lungs whose origin can be bacterial, viral and even fungal, among other germs. It is characterized by high fever, runny nose, or difficulty breathing.

How to prevent winter illnesses in children

As for respiratory infections, the best way to prevent contagion is to prevent the minor from being in contact with sick people. In addition, the flu shot can also help keep children from getting sick, as well as teach them the importance of washing their hands with soap and water, especially after using the bathroom and before eating. Another point is the ventilation of the home and not to spend too much time in places with air currents that are not beneficial for the body.

Another important point is to strengthen the immune system of children with proper nutrition and hydration. Dr. Jordan Gutierrez ofMAPFRErecommends consuming fruits, vegetables, whole grains and healthy fats, which have predominantly vitamins D, C, Iron, and Zinc. Fish, citrus fruits, eggs and yogurt are a good option this season to avoid colds, as well as drinking plenty of warm liquids.

When to go to a doctor to treat the child

Dr. Manuel Gutiérrez, Director of the Medicine course at UPC, comments that once the respiratory infection begins, it will continue its course regardless of what one does. However, it is very important to remain alert to the possibility of a serious condition or any complication in order to see a doctor immediately, such as if there is a fever lasting more than 3 days, weakness greater than expected, difficulty breathing, noisy breathing or fast.

If a child has allergic rhinitis, it is time to seek medical help when the symptoms become frequent or severe and disturb the child’s quality of life and well-being.

The content provided is not intended to replace professional medical consultation. If you are unsure about your medical condition or that of a family member, consult a doctor.

Homemade tricks to warm your feet in the cold season

foot baths

It consists of immersing the feet in hot water and cold water alternately. Experts explain that both limbs should be placed in hot water (38-40°C) for three minutes. Then one minute in cold water (approximately 15 °C). This operation is repeated three times and then they are dried and sheltered.

Another option is to end any hot shower or bath with cold water. This simple advice can help strengthen the body. This is known as thermal shock.

seed bags

A good trick to say goodbye to icy feet is to use a bag of seeds, which is characterized by being a source of dry heat. You heat it for two minutes in the microwave and put it at the level of your feet, inside the duvet or sheets.


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