Convened by Brazil, ten South American countries discussed this Thursday an improvement in cooperation to combat transnational crime through joint actions that strengthen repression and also intelligence operations.
“This expanded collaboration could be a new tool, which will make use of the shared use of intelligence generated by satellite data,” which will make it possible to draw a “map” of the actions of illegal organizations and “contain crime and violence,” he said. Brazilian Justice Minister Anderson Torres.
According to the Brazilian Ministry of Justice, promoter of the meeting, which was held behind closed doors, security authorities from Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname and Uruguay attended, with Venezuela as only absent.
Basically, the idea is to bring together representatives of security agencies from the countries of the region in the Center for International Police Cooperation (CCPI) that operates in Rio de Janeiro and was created in 2014 to coordinate security for the World Cup that year. , held in Brazil, and the Rio 2016 Olympic Games.
According to Minister Torres, the “work plan” of the agents that will operate jointly in Rio de Janeiro will be presented to the other countries within a month by the Brazilian Federal Police.
The initiative joins other similar ones that have been promoted in the region in recent decades and that have created a bureaucratic framework that until now has shown little effectiveness in the face of a transnational crime that grows stronger and moves billions of dollars each year. .
These illegal organizations have diversified their activities and encompass the trafficking of drugs, people, minerals, wood, wild fauna and flora, among many flanks, which also imply a kind of “violent cooperation” between the mafias.
This is the case of the Paraguayan prosecutor Marcelo Pecci, assassinated last May in the Colombian Caribbean and who would have been “convicted” by the First Command of the Capital (PCC), a gang born in the prisons of Brazil and that today has tentacles in almost all the region.
In this framework, which includes thousands of anonymous victims, the murders, just 15 days ago, of the Brazilian indigenista Bruno Pereira and the British journalist Dom Phillips in a remote corner of the Amazon on the borders between Brazil, Peru and Colombia, attributed to illegal fishing mafias.
Faced with these threats, Brazil had already convened in 2016 a Ministerial Meeting of the Southern Cone on Border Security, which was attended by authorities from Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Uruguay and Paraguay who, as well as this Thursday, committed themselves to greater cooperation against The orginazed crime.
As a basis for these actions, some regional mechanisms were then included, such as the American Police Community (AméricaPol), founded in 2007 and made up of organizations from thirty countries.
These same issues, in fact, are discussed in the Council of Ministers of the Interior and Security of Mercosur and Associated States, whose last meeting was held on June 3 in Paraguay, which holds the rotating presidency of the South American bloc.
To this body, created in 1991, was added at the beginning of this year the Latin American Committee for Internal Security (CLASI), also supported by the European Union (EU) and to which Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Chile, Mexico, Paraguay and Peru.
CLASI, in turn, was born under expanded molds similar to those that gave rise to the extinct South American Defense Council created within the framework of the South American Union of Nations (Unasur) in 2009 and to which the twelve countries joined at the time. region of.
That platform, however, disappeared as Unasur was virtually dismantled with the departure of countries that went on to have conservative governments, as in the case of Brazil itself, and today it is only made up of Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela.