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Australia. General Elections: Scott Morrison’s Liberals Against Anthony Albanese’s Labor

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Australia will hold its general election on May 21 for the renewal of members of the House of Representatives and half of the Senate. In this round of elections, Scott Morrison’s center-right national liberal coalition government of the Liberal Party of Australia (LPA) clashes with the opposition ALP (Australian Labor Party), led by Anthony Albanese. The other major parties are The Nationals, AGP (Australian Greens Party) and One Nation.
The Morrison government suffered a backlash on the management of Covid-19 vaccines in Australia, then to influence the judgment on its work was the management of the emergency due to the floods that devastated parts of Queensland and New South Wales. However, the election campaign is focusing on some important issues such as the cost of living due to rising prices of natural resources, of which Australia is a major exporter, climate change and the competences of the major parties.

The Federal Parliament consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate has 76 seats: 12 members from each of the 6 states and 2 each from the 2 continental territories, elected for 6 years with half of the state members renewed every 3 years and members of the territory renewed every 3 years.

The House of Representatives is made up of 151 seats, and the deputies remain in office for 3 years. Morrison’s Liberal-National Coalition holds 76, Labor 68 and 7 are occupied by smaller, independent parties.

The composition of the Senate can also have a major impact on a government’s ability to carry out its agenda. 6 senators for each state and 2 for each territory are competing for the elections.

After the elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition is sworn in as prime minister by the governor general, who is appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of the prime minister. The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.

The first weeks of the electoral campaign are foreshadowing the possibility that neither of the two major parties can obtain a majority in the House of Representatives and therefore a minority government will be formed.

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