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What are the requirements and how to apply for Social Security disability benefits?

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Social Security also provides monthly disability benefits. We explain what the eligibility requirements are and how to apply.

The Social Security Administration (SSA) runs various programs such as retirement and survivor benefits, as well as benefits for people with disabilities. In this area, the SSA has the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) programs.

SSI provides basic financial assistance to seniors and people with disabilities (regardless of age) with very limited income and resources. On the other hand, SSDI supports people who are disabled and have a qualifying work history , either through their own employment or that of a family member, spouse, or parent.

The type of benefit a person is eligible for determines the payment SSA will send each month. This 2022, the average SSI benefit is $624 , while the maximum benefit is $841 and $1,261 for married couples. On the other hand, the average monthly SSDI payment is $1,223 and the maximum benefit is $3,345.

What are the requirements and how to apply for Social Security disability benefits?

In order to claim Supplemental Security Income (SSI) or Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI), a person with a disability must share certain personal information, information about their medical condition, information about their job. Here you can review in more detail all the information that the SSA requests.

You must submit the following documents :

  • Original birth certificate, certificate, or other proof of birth
  • Proof of citizenship or immigration status
  • United States military service papers performed before 1968
  • Copies of W-2 form and/or self-employment tax returns from last year
  • Medical evidence of disability (medical records, doctors’ reports, and latest test results)
  • Approval letters, pay stubs or payroll stubs, settlement agreements, or other evidence ofsome other type of temporary or permanent benefit

How to apply for SSI or SSDI?

Adults with a disability can apply for SSI online. People applying for a child under 18 with a disability or a person over 65 without a disability should visit their local Social Security office or call 1-800-772-1213 between 7:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. 7:00 p.m., Monday through Friday.

SSDI benefits can be applied for online, by calling Social Security at the number above, or at an SSA office.


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